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Urdu poetry (Urdu: اُردُو شاعرى‎ Urdū S̱ẖāʿirī) is a rich tradition of poetry and has many different forms which have basically originated from Arabic and from Persian language. Today, it is an important part of the cultures of Pakistan and India. Literary figures as far back as Amir Khusro (1253-1325 CE) and Kabir (1440–1518 CE) inspired later Urdu poets, and served as intellectual and linguistic sources. Meer, Dard, Ghalib, Anees, Dabeer, Iqbal, Zauq, Josh, Jigar, Faiz, Firaq, Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi, Shair, Mohsin and Faraz are among the greatest poets of Urdu. The tradition is centered in the South Asia. Following the Partition of India in 1947, it found major poets and scholars residing primarily in modern Pakistan. Mushairas (or poetic expositions) are today held in metropolitan areas worldwide.

Some common forms of Urdu Poetry are:
  • Ghazal, is a set of two liner couplets, which strictly should end with the same rhyme and should be within one of the predefined meters of Ghazals.
  • Naat, is a poetry that specifically praises Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
  • Nazm, is a major part of Urdu poetry. From Nazeer Akarabadi, Iqbal, Josh, Firaq, Akhtarul Iman to down the line Noon Meem Rashid, Faiz, Ali Sardar Jafri and Kaifi Azmi. They have covered common life, philosophical thinking, national issues and the precarious predecament of individual human being.
  • Shayari, a beautiful musical form of Urdu poetry allows a person to express the deepest feelings through words. It lets you explain sentiments in all their forms through rhythmic words.
  • Ruba'i, is a poetry style, the Arabic term for "quatrain". The plural form of the word, rubāʿiyāt, often anglicised rubaiyat, is used to describe a collection of such quatrains.
  • In the Urdu poetic tradition, most poets use a pen name called the Takhallus (تخلص) . This can be either a part of a poet's given name or something else adopted as an identity. The traditional convention in identifying Urdu poets is to mention the takhallus at the end of the name. This is because in the ghazal form, the poet would usually incorporate his or her pen name into the final couplet (maqta) of each poem.

    About Sukhan-E-Taban This website is an attempt to bring to the forefront, the effort and hardwork put in by Janab Mohammed Anwar 'Taban' to popularize the above mentioned formats of Urdu Poetry. He, however, is well-known, more for his Shayari's, Naat's and Nazm's. To know more about him, please click here